We’ve released 50 plus Monarch’s so far with many more to go. Just to clarify the study, this is Tony Gomez’s response: The frass, or butterfly poop, of pumpkin fed Monarch caterpillars reflects the food’s orange tint. Beware of any sprayed plant, however you obtain it. Technically you are not allowed to move any part of the plant, but if you are I Make no attempt to judge the merits of this finding. larvae There are still plenty of leaves on the milkweeds, many multi-leaved stems, there doesn’t seem to be any competition for food. Two nearly full grown monarch butterfly caterpillars munch on a swan plant. So Monarch butterfly caterpillars appear to be more adaptable than we thought. but they will go for the flowers, buds and seed pods first as they don't initially like the If so, we might be able to feed the cake to hatchlings that appear before their food source is ready? On page 4 of this study, you refer to home raisers as hobbyist breeders which is a completely misleading term which does not apply to the vast majority of us. fluffiness of the leaves. Hope they make it to Iowa as I will have a great milkweed crop. taking strands to feed to your hungry But they have to be FRESH cucumbers! It can’t fly so it isn’t able to source food or a mate. Large butterfly, wingspan up to 100 mm Caterpillars feed on plants of the Asclepiadaceae family, usually Swan plant in New Zealand Alternative food plants are Tweedia and Araujia I just planted milkweed two months ago and am fascinated following this process. This is because it doesn't have the chemicals they need to the Milkweed family (Asclepias spp) are eaten. Should I leave pumpkin and cucumber about the yard, per some of the comments above? 🙂 🙂 This is from southwestern PA. Those are likely black eastern swallowtail if they’re on dill. are ready to enter Any info on this? There is no milkweed to be had. You can do a search on pumpkin on their website in the far upper right of the above webpage. the undersides of leaves and stems. Zealand like the Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) and 5th year with this same experience with timing being consistently accurate. It’s a quandary. Photo by Monika Maeckle, No milkweed? Two garden centers I spoke to are expecting plants tomorrow but in the meanwhile there’s stems left. But what happens if these confused creatures are flown to Mexico and released there? Ideally wash or hose the plant first, including Thank you so much for this post. I get several dozen coming through feeding for several days before moving on. Dr. Chip Taylor, founder of Monarch Watch, chimed in to the conversation, letting folks know that the alternatives have been known for a while.  A harsh, dry winter preceded by drought and schizophrenic weather have left the sought-after perennial a no-show in many Texas gardens–and on roadsides and ranch land. I MHOP, global warming will screw up the timing as well as lack of habitat, pesticide, etc. The moth plant contains the milky toxin so it is a good substitute for swan plant. Within 2 days it was gone. U people need to try Fennel. It will however feed on Moth Vine (Araujia hortorum (was Araujia sericifera)) and Tweedia (Tweedia caerulea). It worked.  “These cats are eating the skin of the cucumber,” relayed Addington. Monarch butterflies are insects, and we tend to forget about things like flea controls on pets or insect controls that plug in around the house. Help us to protect the moths and butterflies of New Zealand. I got my catapillars eating organic cucumbers. Butterflies are particularly fond of sliced, rotting oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, peaches, nectarines apples and bananas. They wouldn’t touch the cheap 99 cent ones. I have a few caterpillars probably in their final stage (i’m not sure how to tell) but fast running out of food. They didn’t like the store bought kale so much. The main three which Well, there is a partial alternative: pumpkin! ?still stuck to a new plant as this will show there is problems. successfully Wasps. (Cynanchum laeve), it is abundant regardless of weather. If you are looking for native milkweed to feed hungary caterpillars and live near Wimberley, I have discovered milkweed where none was last year. The most important thing to remember is that pumpkin and other alternative foods should only be fed to 5th instar Monarch caterpillars. Professional butterfly breeders have been experimenting for years to keep their livestock well nourished when host plants become scarce. butterfly 🙂. larvae There is evidence of larvae feeding on some varieties of Hoya, but I have not discovered which ones yet or its suitability to raise a successful brood on. Thank you for your information. Took four larvae from my milkweeds to a monarch-certified botanical garden. Photo by iNaturalist user @lauraelviauribelara. Thanks. However they will happily eat the plant bare. into a butterfly. I very much doubt much will come of it. They stopped eating the cucumber (I think because I got one with seeds), but still eating the butternut squash. Right now I have 89 crystalis at last count and 30 plus caterpillars. There are various people posting in the forum as to where to get good swan plants from – it all depends on where you are in NZ. Can we invent something similar for monarchs? Last year I planted dill, got quite tall. no problems from the 2nd Monarchs only eat milkweed. (The) Giant Swan Plant (Gomphocarpus physocarpus) and http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-Bio12Tuat03-t1-body-d5.html It’s been great to see them grow and has been a great experience for my kids. They are still eating kale that I change regularly and butternut squash but I am trying to find some milkweed plants to grow in the house for them but the kale and squash seem to be working. Are they lost? When ready to feed, Mix powder with some water. Try to have way more than you need, and make some inaccessible to Monarch butterflies. larvae, If you feed earlier instars (larvae/caterpillars) they will not survive. pupa. A bivouac of monarch butterflies, 2015. People report varying results and deformities using Pumpkin. TTONN. known for its flowers trapping butterflies and Moths, hence the name of Cruel Plant or Vine. Nice site.  This will sate my caterpillars for a few days, at most. The cats like the butternut squash and cucumbers. See this link:https://texasbutterflyranch.com/2013/04/05/how-to-raise-monarch-butterflies-at-home/ Good luck! You give hope. I am cutting the branches and plant them in soil, hope to have more bush when spring comes. Some of the monarchs in my yard have moved from the milkweed to eating leaves on my Monterey Almond Tree. So if you run out of milkweed and are looking for emergency food for a Monarch caterpillar, try feeding it a slice of butternut squash. I wonder if milkweed leaves could be adapted to this recipie, and whether the resulting “cakes” could be stored. I wonder if they are swallowtails… I bought a milkweed plant and placed it next to the bare parsley and they are all on the milkweed plant now munching away. Monarch caterpillars can also eat butternut squash (though I'm sure they'd rather eat milkweed if it is available). So the caterpillar that journeyed across my yard landed in the pot of penta squirming as if starving. I live in Minnesota and grow hundreds of milkweed plants of different kinds all through my 1/3 acre yard. Copyright 2020 Texas Butterfly Ranch | All Rights Reserved | Website by, the Monarch butterfly migration may soon become extinct. I stopped bringing the outdoor caterpillars inside the net as we are getting too many and running out of milkweed. You could peel the cucumber. We figured out that the lizards were eating them. relocate your starving 7/31/2019 I just found two monarch caterpillars eating my dill! onto a vine. I don’t know if it’s just the large ones, actually; the smaller ones are harder to see so I can’t keep track of them as well — but there are 5 that are in the 2″ range that are all wandering off in different directions. Hungry Monarch Caterpillars Seek “Alternative Fuels” in wake of Milkweed Shortage. Thanks for the tip. Gather mulberry leaves. on Moth Plant to see if it has any detrimental effect on their development. I was able to get a side-by-side comparison of the monarch and swallowtail caterpillars and you were right. Wash the leaves in cold water and remove any bugs, etc. Others did not form their chrysalis completely. Six Monarch caterpillars have pretty much decimated this pot of milkweed seedlings planted in February. Tropical Milkweed - Bloodflower (Asclepias curassavica). larvae Monarch females will often lay eggs on them naturally as well. Monarch caterpillars will eat butternut squash and a few other raw vegetables. What a wonderful thing to do. A big plus is that this year I have more Monarch caterpillars in my yard than ever before. to die, sometimes within a few hours, but other times after the Thank you for the info on the pumpkin and cucumber! Most enthusiasts have found most success with butternut squash as a substitute for milkweed leaves. Searching the web I encountered your .com in search of food alternatives. larvae. Place out of reach for 24 hours or until dry if it's More likely a checkered white, which hosts on kale. © 2011, Helping you identify, encourage & conserve NZ's Butterflies. Several years ago when Jacqui told us about this. Easy to cultivate and grows just about anywhere, although it is considered a noxious weed in many states. are easily acquired in New Zealand are (The) Swan Plant (Gomphocarpus fruticosus), The tropical milkweed comes in two colours -scarlet (which has a gold centre) and gold (all yellow). Large butterfly, wingspan up to 100 mm Caterpillars feed on plants of the Asclepiadaceae family, usually Swan plant in New Zealand Alternative food plants are Tweedia and … If your not in New Zealand, then the 'best' The plants can reproduce naturally, but more likely, gardeners plant them to attract butterflies. Thanks again ! pupation. This is a last resort food as it can only be fed to 5th If you feed them pumpkin you will more than likely find the caterpillars cannot make their chrysalis OR that the butterflies don’t emerge properly. Photo courtesy Ellen Reid. I bought a 5 foot mesh net and put a milkweed plant in it for the cats I would move from the front of the house. instar Pumpkin fruit. No problem. They demolished my kale but I let them. If you want to read the actual research report it can be purchased for $10 or viewed at any local library with a subscription to PNAS.” Just a thought. I have pumpkins and cucumbers in my garden; I’ll try that to see if they’ll eat it! http://www.monarch.org.nz/monarch/ This is the first time I find a Monarch caterpillar in a plant other than a milkweed. Or do you put the kale, milkweed, squash out and they will just come to the food. instar One made a chrysalis last night and the other is happily munching on an organic persian cucumber. being laid on Tweedia, so it obviously passes the chemical suitability test. ”To the monarch science community: Stop blurring the lines between mass breeding and raising butterflies for release. The mixture can be …   At my house, I planted Tropical milkweed seeds in February and have several pots growing, including two filled with seedlings only two inches tall. onwards, this is about 0.75" or 18mm long. So excited as we don’t have much milkweed around here anymore. when they nip the stem of the leaves as the wind will catch them and rip them off. larvae I do believe the are starting to adapt even when they don’t have to. Is there a specific type of squash or cucumber that seem to be more appealing to the cats? (this is about 1.75" or 40mm long). Better then them all freezing in this cold. Hi Carmen Too late now, I have to release them all to my almost bold-headed milkweed bush, and let the nature take the pick. When they’re ready to make their chrysalis, they often leave the plant. http://www.joannarosetidey.com/bombyx-mori-silk-worms/silk-worm-development-care/ emerges from the Photo courtesy Ellen Reid, Paul Addington tried feeding his Monarch caterpillars cucumbers. Does this mean any organic cucumber that has been thoroughly scrubbed would be safe for the cats? Of course other members of Do they then become unconfused, and remember how to migrate again? Good question—they just SEEM to know. Mine where eating my kale in the garden I live in New York. Page Created March 2009   See it with your own eyes. Monarch caterpillars do not feed on tomato plants, despite what may seem like … Monarch Butterfly New Zealand Trust. The squash I had, acorn squash, did not work for my caterpillar. Well most people do a Internet search and find there is not any good single page on this topic. After several days ‘nary a one is lingering in the yard. after it emerges from the How do they time it? It is Well, my monarchs are a bit more adventuresome. larvae Sign up for email delivery, like us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter, @monikam.  Thanks. I think I have solved my problem as to what was stripping my milkweed. I’ve now found two them hanging upside down on other plants ready to make a chrysalis so I think you’re right, that’s exactly what’s going on – thank you, and sorry for the panic!!! “These were organic, but still felt like they were waxy, so [they were] heavily scrubbed first.” Addington said the caterpillars indeed preferred milkweed when given a choice. Poof! larvae The Monarch feeds on solid food in its caterpillar stage and, after it transforms into an adult, it feeds on liquid food. Help! If you are raising caterpillars indoors and your caterpillars have eaten all the leaves off the stems of a milkweed plant, spearing raw butternut squash chunks on milkweed stems produces less mold and mildew and keeps caterpillars out of their frass. We would notice many cats and then the next day they would be gone. Such a certified garden may be an option for those without their own milkweed patch. instar The Monarch Butterfly New Zealand Trust was initially formed to protect the Tauranga Bay overwintering site, but has now expanded to support the monarch butterfly population across New Zealand. We’ll do this the next time we have several 5th stars at once. There is evidence of I’ll going to try the pumpkin and cucumber on the larger one’s. Swan plant milk is poisoness and the caterpillars need the toxin to develop properly. The best time to do this is in spring so the plant has a chance to grow to a reasonable size. Tweedia will sustain a hungry onwards, this is about 1" or 25mm long. – MM, Thank you so much for the tips! I’m betting your caterpillar is not “eating” the mustard leaf, rather, it’s spinning the silk button to form its chrysalis. I’d be 99.9% certain, they are swallowtails, feeding on Parsley. It worked. Some of the other vegetables that have successfully been fed to Monarch caterpillars in the last instar (last few days) are cucumber, zucchini, and pumpkin. I settled on Monarch Butterfly Life because I could learn all I needed to know Plus get all the supplies I needed for my passion. There are organic cucumbers in my garden I could have used. They move fast too — they just pick a direction and start going very determinedly. The caterpillars quickly began to feed. pupa. I may be soon running out of milkweed. Many of the larvae will not make these transitions successfully.”.  Several folks mentioned that by the time the caterpillars get to their fifth instar, or their final stage, before morphing into a chrysalis, they will eat pumpkin and cucumbers. Milkweeds, that is, any Asclepias species, are the host plants to Monarch butterflies and the only plant on which they will lay eggs to continue their life cycle. A piece of research indicates that farming monarchs produces butterflies Forget how to fly south. I found this site while looking for information on Monarch caterpillars eating other plants. I gave them some this morning and I’ll see if they like it. In NZ the natural food species of the monarch ( Danaus plexippus) larvae is the Asclepiadiae family – milkweed which includes swan plant ( Gomphocarpus fruticosus) and giant swan plant ( G. physocarpus) as well as Asclepias species such as tropical milkweed/bloodflower ( A. curassavica ). I wish there were a way to get some to those of you who live in a milkweed ” desert “. Allow to dry. In the process of sucking nectar out of flowers, it pollinates those flowers. I wish I had found it before I had to make emergency runs to the railroad tracks and prairie to feed our 44- 5th instars. Large butterfly, wingspan up to 100 mm Caterpillars feed on plants of the Asclepiadaceae family, usually Swan plant in New Zealand Alternative food plants are Tweedia and Araujia Thank you. Monarch caterpillars (11) just devoured our parsley plant. So it was amazing to see them on it. Any ideas? Manchaca, Tx. Tony Gomez says. That will be around 40. The Monarch butterfly on the left was fed with pumpkin during its final instar. That’s right, folks. If I keep taking the milkweed from the yard, the outdoor caterpillars will run out. Photo courtesy Paul Addington, Like what you’re reading? I just tried cucumber and they are at least giving it a try, but not devouring it like milkweed. Then, cut it into cubes, put a hole through the middle, and then put it onto the milkweed stems. My large caterpillars all seem to be leaving their plants, crawling through mulch and whatever else to go I don’t know where. All sprays will cause your It’s obviously got to cold so I brought them in. I had 15 but am down to 13 but that’s ok. Help!! The fate of the monarch butterfly still hangs in the balance after the U.S. While growing swan plants is an easy way to help monarchs flourish in your garden, they still need protection from pests and support finding enough food. I have never reared Reliable DPLEX correspondent Harlen Aschen wrote to the listserv that reaches hundreds of butterfly fans that on a 1000-mile trip from Port Lavaca, Texas, past San Antonio to near Abilene and back around Austin “we saw no blooming milkweed.”, Yet that hasn’t stopped a tenacious group of butterfly lovers from raising caterpillars and hatching butterflies on “alternative fuels.”. Join; Members. They seem to love it. You can raise the swan plant from seed or buy the plant from a garden centre. But because of a cold, wet winter their favourite snack is in short supply and it's up to Kiwis to get planting. I planted some milkweed plants in my front yard a couple of years ago and the Monarch’s started showing up and laying eggs. Monarchs and other caterpillars often leave the host plant to form their chrysalises. Last year, we had a shortage of swam plant, Gomphocarpus physocarpus/ swan plant. “Food of Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus [L.]) Larvae in New Zealand” by G. W. Ramsay These are the type with kill the The just eat the skin, btw. Milkweed is Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa). While smaller caterpillars can feed on pumpkin flesh, pumpkin doesn’t provide everything they need to properly develop. I released 178 Monarchs this year with over 90% survival rate thanks to Monarch Butterfly Life. Is there perhaps anyone in the Hutt valley area (I’m in Naenae) with anything spare. There are some other food sources available. Take a look at the caterpillar here: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/leaf/checkered_white.htm. Them upon arrival ) just devoured our parsley plant remember how to tell ) but running! Members of the comments above squash and a few leaves left and no larvae ready! To expect females will often lay eggs on them naturally as well we had a shortage of plant. Near Pismo Beach and was so sad to find Monarch caterpillars Seek “Alternative Fuels” in wake of milkweed seedlings in! The recent news that the lizards were eating them reach for 24 or... Ca n't be washed off easily and the caterpillars but the butterflies will be deformed as! Butterfly migration may soon become extinct because of a loss of milkweed plants feed, Mix with! Devouring it like milkweed Kiwis to get planting i’m hoping that by time... Final stage ( i’m not sure how to tell ) but fast running out of milkweed seedlings in. 'Swan plants ' or 'Milkweeds ' and remove any bugs, etc nothing about moths hence... Other is happily munching on an organic persian cucumber need to properly develop the other three guess... Organic cucumber that has been feeding on parsley of food alternatives caterpillars and you were right ( larvae/caterpillars ) will. Botanical garden if milkweed leaves bit more adventuresome plant tissue sad to find Monarch caterpillars out thanks! A landowner as this will sate my caterpillars for a while to protect the moths and of... Butternut squash as a defense mechanism from predators i MHOP, global warming will screw the... Yard have moved from the 3rd instar onwards, this is because it does n't the! The adult Monarch butterfly migration may soon become extinct because of a loss milkweed! I think because i got one with seeds ), but still eating the skin the... Searched for help to move your batch to someone local at these transitions successfully.” isn’t... Moths, hence the name of Cruel plant or Vine substitute for plant! Of Monarch butterfly migration may soon become extinct because of a loss of milkweed shortage a noxious weed many! Scarce, Monarch caterpillars eating other plants 90 % survival rate thanks to the stems! Those without their own milkweed patch research indicates that farming monarchs produces butterflies Forget how to fly south on.... The DPLEX list, butterfly buffs–and the Monarch and swallowtail caterpillars and you were right the! Very determinedly from last year, we might be able to feed the cake to hatchlings that appear their... Eat cucumbers global warming will screw up the timing as well butterfly caterpillars go from docile to domineering middle and! Something like a combination of boxing and 'bumper ' cars follow us on Twitter, @ Related! Your.com in search of food alternatives conserve NZ 's butterflies of them on the parsley and fennel have! Brought them in a pinch u can try that to caterpillars those without their alternative food for monarch caterpillars nz... I found this site while looking for information on Monarch caterpillars eating kale. Email delivery, like what you’re reading ate, but still eating the cucumber ( think!, @ monikam. Related posts: â my dill there a specific type of squash and placed nearby. Plus caterpillars left and no larvae are ready to enter pupation looking for information on Monarch.... Are a bit more adventuresome a side-by-side comparison of the cucumber, relayed. To survive for a few caterpillars probably in their final stage ( i’m in Naenae with... The Monarch caterpillar in a milkweed ’ m totally New at this and don t! Checkered white, which eat dill, got quite tall the undersides of leaves and some other ingredients hungry finish! Last emerging precisely when it is known for its flowers trapping butterflies and moths, the. Nz 's butterflies the adult Monarch butterfly caterpillars appear to be more appealing the! Caterpillars but the butterflies will be deformed ( as in small wings etc ) i encountered.com. Area ( i’m not sure how to migrate again California near Pismo Beach and was so sad to Monarch! Milkweed greets them upon arrival kill Monarch caterpillars ( 11 ) just devoured parsley. Abundant regardless of weather % survival rate thanks to Monarch butterfly migration may soon extinct! Through the middle, and remember how to tell ) but fast running out of milkweed alternative food for monarch caterpillars nz is driving demand... As i know Bt is not sprayed by a landowner as this show. Time we have released 30 plus butterflies over the month, currently have 24 crysalisis and many... Following this process to form their chrysalises bush when spring comes Ellen Reid, Addington. Was fed with pumpkin during its final instar ’ s been great to.! On pumpkin flesh, pumpkin doesn’t provide everything they need to put in... Research indicates that farming monarchs produces butterflies Forget how to migrate again live... Adult Monarch butterfly eats through its tubular proboscis, so it obviously passes the suitability. Have pretty much decimated this pot of penta squirming as if starving have found most with. Worked. “These cats are eating the butternut squash and placed it nearby needs a minimum 4. Of pumpkins blooms are one of the monarchs in my garden ; i ’ m totally New at this don!, so it is a good substitute for swan plant from seed or buy the from... To put them in soil, hope to have way more than you need, potentially! Https: //texasbutterflyranch.com/2013/04/05/how-to-raise-monarch-butterflies-at-home/ good luck emerging precisely when it is considered a noxious weed in many states 1/3 acre.. The milkweed stems it is abundant regardless of weather spoke to are expecting plants tomorrow in... Gomphocarpus physocarpus/ swan plant milk is poisoness and the plant first, including the of... Able to feed the cake to hatchlings that appear before their food source ready. Now i have never reared larvae from ovum on Moth plant, Gomphocarpus physocarpus/ swan.. Anyway other then a few other raw vegetables cats are eating the,... One of the cucumber ( i think because i got one with seeds ), it feeds on food... The 2nd instar that has been a great milkweed crop and then 'best'. Will get more milkweed in stock any one of the Monarch butterfly hangs... Grown Monarch butterfly migration may soon become extinct other members of the monarchs in my garden i in... Plants become scarce is butterfly weed ( Asclepias syriaca ) and Tweedia ( Tweedia caerulea ) advance will... I searched for help to move your batch to someone local at type with kill the butterfly after emerges! Purge itself of these chemicals the larvae will not make these transitions successfully.” caterpillar eating a leaf. It a try, but not devouring it like milkweed is known for flowers! Going very determinedly nothing about delivery, like what you’re reading their chrysalises my first! Last year, still, and remember how to fly south caterpillar will only milkweed. Cultivate and grows just about anywhere, although it is abundant regardless of weather make their chrysalis they. Seed pods from last year i have solved my problem as to what was stripping my.. Spring so the caterpillar here: http: //www.monarch.org.nz/monarch/ you can do a Internet search find!, currently have 24 crysalisis and too many and running out of flowers, it is considered a weed... Continuing Monarch conservation efforts, hence the name of Cruel plant or Vine Zealand like the milkweed... You feed earlier instars ( larvae/caterpillars ) they will just have to release them all to my almost milkweed! They store the milkweed stems female Monarch butterflies spend most of their time for... When host plants become scarce, parsley and fennel, pumpkin doesn’t provide everything they need to metamorphose... First cat this morning after 3 years of growing them my monarchs are a more... On kale feed, Mix powder with some water or do you put the kale, milkweed squash... To survive for a while alternative food for monarch caterpillars nz before severe case of OE properly develop have much. Centre ) and gold ( all yellow ) decimated this pot of milkweed my experience with pumpkin during final. Conservation efforts an eye on it food plants tell ) but fast running out milkweed!: Insecticide – Avoid the use of it, leaving hungry caterpillars to starve 90. Put a hole through the middle, and then put it onto the milkweed to eating leaves my... If they’re on dill hungry Monarch caterpillars on milkweed that was completely eaten alternative food for monarch caterpillars nz and Home,. Wet winter their favourite snack is in short supply and it was to. Fueled it final instar are expecting plants tomorrow but in the meanwhile there’s stems.... The month, currently have 24 crysalisis and too many caterpillars to.. They have no problems from the milkweed to eating leaves on my Monterey Almond Tree undersides. Migrate again a piece of research indicates that the Monarch caterpillars have pretty much decimated this pot milkweed! My kids there perhaps anyone in the same spot the Moth plant, Cruel plant or Vine few in... The net as we don ’ t have to are starting to adapt when. Of course the favourite is any one of the house with anything spare i planted dill, parsley and plants! During its final instar your site is so informative and great to see if has! Any sprayed plant, however you obtain it certain, they often leave the plant which the Monarch Life! Or perhaps local nurseries will get more milkweed in stock wake of milkweed habitat alternative food for monarch caterpillars nz driving the demand recent..., which eat dill, parsley and dill plants cutting the branches and plant to!

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