There are nearly 1000 scattered around the island, usually positioned near freshwater. The island was given its current name the day Europeans arrived in the 1700s – on Easter Sunday. Polynesians, including Rotumans, Samoans, Tongans, Niueans, Cook Islands Māori, Tahitian Mā'ohi, Hawaiian Māoli, Marquesans and New Zealand Māori, are a subset of the Austronesian peoples.They share the same origins as the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, Southeast Asia (especially the Philippines, Malaysia and eastern Indonesia), Micronesia, and Madagascar. The Polynesian rat, or Pacific rat (Rattus exulans), known to the Māori as kiore, is the third most widespread species of rat in the world behind the brown rat and black rat. The Polynesian rat, Pacific rat or little rat (Rattus exulans), known to the Māori as kiore, is the third most widespread species of rat in the world behind the brown rat and black rat.The Polynesian rat originated in Southeast Asia, and like its relatives, has become widespread, migrating to most Polynesian islands, including New Zealand, the Marshall Islands, Easter Island, and Hawaii. The Polynesian settlers of Easter Island prospered through careful use of the scant available resources, ... but the deforestation was likely due instead to the Polynesian rat, which stowed away on their ships when they left Polynesia and whose bones have been found on the island. The bones possibly date back to about A.D.IOOO. Easter Island, the South Pacific territory home to some 1,000 sacred “moai” statues, now has one less of them. However, human activity, the introduction of the Polynesian rat and overpopulation led to gradual deforestation and extinction of natural resources which severely … The discovery of rat bones in rubbish dumps on the island indicates that the natives dined on the rodents. It is famous for its giant stone statues. Polynesian Easter Island was as isolated in the Pacific Ocean as the Earth is today in space. This kept them fed while they worked at building their fields to sustain themselves long-term. The island is famous for its monolithic stone statues, called Moai, said to honour the memory of the inhabitants’ ancestors. The island stands in isolation 1,200 miles (1,900 km) east of Pitcairn Island and 2,200 miles (3,540 km) west of Chile. The disappearance of Rapanui palm was probably caused by the introduction of Polynesian rat. Easter Island (Rapa Nui) provides a model of human-induced environmental degradation. The inhabitants of Easter Island lived off local rats, according to scientists who analysed the teeth of 41 skeletons. Easter Island Beach. A popular goofy theory about the Easter Island moai says that the massive statues were created (or, alternatively, influenced) by aliens. Ringed by a low wall of stacked stone, a smooth semi-spherical stone lay on the ground flanked by four smaller stones. The Polynesian form commonly travels with humans on ocean voyages and, like any other rat, multiplies rapidly when it arrives on a new island. Whatever happened on Easter Island, it wasn't good. fon: ard my interpretation of Easter Island's prehistory as a whole in an article in RNJ 9( I) (Langdon 1995a). Rapa Nui (Isla Pascua, Easter Island) ... (and rat) arrival on an island but before the first indications of forest burning and soil erosion. Polynesian people most likely settled on Easter Island sometime between 700 and 1100 CE, and created a thriving and industrious culture as evidenced by the island's numerous enormous stone moai and other artefacts. Easter Island’s most dramatic claim to fame is an array of almost 900 giant stone figures that date back many centuries. We see no evidence for such a rat outbreak effect in the pollen records presented here. Polynesians landed there, farmed, thrived, built their famous statues, and then things went very bad, very fast. Radiocarbon dates for the earliest stratigraphic layers at Anakena, Easter Island, and analysis of previous radiocarbon dates imply that the island was colonized late, about 1200 A.D. Polynesian people most likely settled on Easter Island sometime between 700 and 1100 AD and created a thriving and industrious culture as evidenced by the island’s numerous enormous stone moai and other artifacts. However, human activity, the introduction of the Polynesian rat and overpopulation led to gradual deforestation and extinction of natural resources, which caused the demise of the Rapa Nui civilization. People from Chile's Rapa Nui, or Easter Island, also had South American ancestry, some from modern Chilean immigrants and some from the same ancient intermingling as the other islands. Anakena. The statues reveal their creators to be master craftsmen and engineers and are distinctive among other stone sculptures found in Polynesian cultures. Sixteen million trees vanished. However, human activity, the introduction of the Polynesian rat and overpopulation led to gradual deforestation and extinction of natural resources, which caused the demise of the Rapa Nui civilization. 7 Alien Transport. The navel of the world - Easter Island Polynesian history. The pristine island ecosystems of East Polynesia were among the last places on Earth settled by prehistoric people, and their colonization triggered a devastating transformation. Polynesian Easter Island was as isolated in the Pacific Ocean as the Earth is today in space. Many are located near the Rano Raraku volcano, on the southeast coast. New research published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology has revealed that the indigenous population that once inhabited Easter Island, famous for its more than 1,000 ‘walking’ Moai statues, had a diet which included the Polynesian rat , also known as kiore, and which was strangely lacking in seafood.. The teeth mark from rats is found on 10 percent of palm nuts. Polynesian people most likely settled on Easter Island sometime between 700 and 1100 CE, and created a thriving and industrious culture as evidenced by the islands numerous enormous stone moai and other artifs. Easter Island is located smack in the middle of the South Pacific, so it’s easy to imagine that its former residents would have eaten a lot of fish. Polynesian people most likely settled on Easter Island sometime between 700 and 1100 CE, and created a thriving and industrious culture as evidenced by the island's numerous enormous stone moai and other artefacts. The possibility of voyaging contact between prehistoric Polynesian and Native American populations has long intrigued researchers. Proponents have pointed to the existence of New World crops, such as the sweet potato and bottle gourd, in the Polynesian archaeological record, but nowhere else outside … Native American gene flow into Polynesia predating Easter Island settlement Nature. Facts about Easter Island 8: the Polynesian rat. Rat Easter Island New Zealand Black rat Paschalococos. It is the easternmost outpost of the Polynesian island world. A reliable chronology is central to understanding the cultural, ecological, and demographic processes involved. There is a path near Ahu Te Pito Kura that led downwards, even closer to the shore. Polynesian people settled on Easter Island in the first millennium CE, and created a thriving culture, as evidenced by the moai and other artifacts. Check facts about Crete here. Polynesian rat, Rattus conca/or,I throughout a habitation site at Anakena on Easter Island'snorth coast. The Polynesian rat, or Pacific rat (Rattus exulans), known to the Māori as kiore, is the third most widespread species of rat in the world behind the brown rat and black rat.The Polynesian rat originated in Southeast Asia, and like its relatives, has become widespread, migrating to most Polynesian islands, including New Zealand, Easter Island, and Hawaii. Three writers - Erika Hagelberg (1995) and Paul Balm and John Flenley (1995) -disputed aspects ofmy case in the same issue. The Polynesian rat originated in Southeast Asia, and like its relatives, has become widespread, migrating to most Polynesian islands, including New Zealand, the Marshall Islands, Easter Island, and Hawaii. The bones possibly date back to about A.D.IOOO. Polynesian people settled on Easter Island in the first millennium AD, and created a thriving culture, as evidenced by the moai and other artifacts. Easter Island’s demise caused by rats, Dutch traders says new theory. At the rate rats reproduce, their population would have quickly reached a few million. EASTER ISLAND researchers believe they have cracked the mystery of why the Rapa Nui civilisation collapsed, offering in the process valuable lessons about the present state of the world. Facts about Easter Island 9: the myths . The Norwegian archaeologist Arne Skj01svold (1994: 114-15) found them during excavations in 1986-88.To him, they indicate 'thepresence of Polynesians on [Easter Islandl from the time of the very Easter Island, Rano Raraku Easter Island (Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui , Spanish: Isla de Pascua ) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle. Rhett A. Butler, mongabay.com. Polynesian rat, Rattus conca/or,I throughout a habitation site at Anakena on Easter Island'snorth coast. Some myths in Easter Island included the belief about the important god, Makemake. Easter Island, Spanish Isla de Pascua, also called Rapa Nui, Chilean dependency in the eastern Pacific Ocean. The mana stone of Hotu Matu'a. The Polynesian rat originated in Southeast Asia, but like its relatives, has become well-traveled – infiltrating Fiji and most Polynesian islands, including New Zealand, Easter Island, and Hawaii. December 6, 2005. 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